Afanasy Nikitin "Going beyond three seas"
“Going beyond the three seas of Afanasy Nikitin” (see its full text) - a description by a 15th century Russian man of his journey to far India.Afanasy Nikitin was a…

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Akaky Akakievich Bashmachkin in the story "The Overcoat"
The Gogol story “The Overcoat” (see its full text, summary and analysis) depicts a petty, downtrodden and pathetic official Akaky Akakiyevich Bashmachkin (see his description in the text of the…

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Nobuyoshi Araki
“Of course, in every work there is a pornographic connotation. Otherwise, it would be just eroticism - pure, intellectual and uninteresting. And I do an upgrade by adding a bit…

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The value of “Hunter’s notes” in Russian literature

The artistic significance of Turgenev’s Hunter’s Notes is very great: there are many beautiful descriptions of the “endless” nature of the middle part of Russia – the nature whose beauty was first appreciated by Pushkin — a long series of types that are characteristic, purely folk, well-worn Russian life, and , at the same time, often marked by the features of “universal”. In the descriptions of nature, Turgenev was able to identify the most diverse moods, because the content of the story, usually, he responds and mood, the nature of the landscape, against which one or the other, a scene from human life.

The social significance of the “Notes” is no less great than the artistic one — in these living, truthful essays on the life of the Russian common people, contemporaries saw an eloquent call for the emancipation of the peasants. In this understanding of this work, his great political significance: they say, Emperor Alexander II himself told Turgenev that, after reading his “Notes”, he finally decided to free the peasants. Thus, the calm artistry, which deprived Turgenev’s “Notes” of journalistic passion and enthusiasm, only strengthened the impression that Russian life in this wonderful work appeared to be a deep, sad truth.

But, besides, “Notes” are also of great importance psychologically. Before us is a series of expert psychological analyzes in a field that, before Turgenev (and Grigorovich), was not interesting to anyone. Turgenev was one of the first to look deeply into the soul of a simple Russian person with sympathy, and there he found much instructive and interesting.

“Notes” are equally relevant to the Pushkin and Gogol schools. Pushkin borrowed from Turgenev an interest in Russian nature and Russian life, borrowed a calm-loving attitude to the whole world and the ability to paint life in all its manifestations widely and freely. But, on the other hand, the “Notes” strongly resemble both “Dead Souls”, and “Evenings on a Farm near Dikanka”, and “Mirgorod”. All these are produced valuable in everyday meaning, – all of them pursue the goal of depicting one or the other side of Russian life. Only Turgenev turned out to have more consciousness in assessing this life than Gogol, who had completely looked at “serfdom”.

Bulgakov "Heart of a Dog"
A homeless dog Sharik, who lived in Moscow, was scrubbed with a boiling water by one cruel cook. It was December, and Sharik, with his side wounded from the burn,…

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Bogdanovich "Darling"
The content of “Darling” is taken from La Fontaine’s prose work “The Love of Psyche and Cupid” (“Les amours de Psyché et de Cupidon”). The content of this work, in…

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Rose and Cross block
The ideological and philosophical basis of the drama is a characteristic of the Bloc of the 1910s the idea of ​​the many-sided nature of life, the idea of ​​merging its…

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Gogol "Wii"
When analyzing the novel “Viy”, it immediately catches the eye that it is a work in which, like in Gogol’s other early stories, romanticism is inextricably mixed with realism: genre…

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