BORIS GROYS "POLITICS OF POETICS"
Today, the philosopher, theorist of art and curator Boris Groys is one of the most respected critics in the world art community. His recent book, The Politics of Poetics, is…

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SOC-ART IN THE LITERATURE
According to the Lexicon Nonclassics, this term originated in 1972–1973 to the circle of artists Vitaly Komar and Alexander Melamid as a kind of ironic centaur of domestic “social realism”…

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Heroes "Minor" Fonvizin
The most famous comedy of Fonvizin, “The Minor,” is one of the first-class works of Russian literature. The playwright portrayed in it, firstly, the ignorant, ancient education of noble children;…

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The value of “Hunter’s notes” in Russian literature

The artistic significance of Turgenev’s Hunter’s Notes is very great: there are many beautiful descriptions of the “endless” nature of the middle part of Russia – the nature whose beauty was first appreciated by Pushkin — a long series of types that are characteristic, purely folk, well-worn Russian life, and , at the same time, often marked by the features of “universal”. In the descriptions of nature, Turgenev was able to identify the most diverse moods, because the content of the story, usually, he responds and mood, the nature of the landscape, against which one or the other, a scene from human life.

The social significance of the “Notes” is no less great than the artistic one — in these living, truthful essays on the life of the Russian common people, contemporaries saw an eloquent call for the emancipation of the peasants. In this understanding of this work, his great political significance: they say, Emperor Alexander II himself told Turgenev that, after reading his “Notes”, he finally decided to free the peasants. Thus, the calm artistry, which deprived Turgenev’s “Notes” of journalistic passion and enthusiasm, only strengthened the impression that Russian life in this wonderful work appeared to be a deep, sad truth.

But, besides, “Notes” are also of great importance psychologically. Before us is a series of expert psychological analyzes in a field that, before Turgenev (and Grigorovich), was not interesting to anyone. Turgenev was one of the first to look deeply into the soul of a simple Russian person with sympathy, and there he found much instructive and interesting.

“Notes” are equally relevant to the Pushkin and Gogol schools. Pushkin borrowed from Turgenev an interest in Russian nature and Russian life, borrowed a calm-loving attitude to the whole world and the ability to paint life in all its manifestations widely and freely. But, on the other hand, the “Notes” strongly resemble both “Dead Souls”, and “Evenings on a Farm near Dikanka”, and “Mirgorod”. All these are produced valuable in everyday meaning, – all of them pursue the goal of depicting one or the other side of Russian life. Only Turgenev turned out to have more consciousness in assessing this life than Gogol, who had completely looked at “serfdom”.

Bulgakov "Crimson Island"
But - yet, how much more I read in the house of E.S. [Elena Sergeevna Bulgakova]. At first I reached for the “Crimson Island” (1927) - a brilliant satire, to…

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Belinsky "Literary dreams"
The basis of the article "Literary Dreams" by Belinsky was based on the idea that we do not have literature, because there is still no society, the physiognomy of the…

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Watch books, read pictures
"The boundaries of my language represent the boundaries of my world." This is what Wittgenstein said. And then, of course, you can not argue. Man is a creature: he likes…

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"The Brothers Karamazov"
Dostoevsky writes not a philosophical treatise or a theological system, he writes a novel. Religious-philosophical material is introduced into the framework of the romantic genre and is developed according to…

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